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Low Residue Diet (Low Fiber Diet, BRAT Diet, Low FODMAP Diet)

A low residue diet is a diet designed to reduce the number and volume of stools. Although there are some minor differences, a low fiber diet and the BRAT (bananas, rice, applesauce, toast) diet are other similar diets. A low residue diet typically contains less than 10-15 grams of fiber per day. Long term use of this diet, with its reduced intake of fruits and vegetables, may not provide required amounts of vitamin C, calcium, and folic acid.

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Foods to include

  • White bread, refined pasta and cereals, and white rice
  • Limited servings of canned or well-cooked vegetables that do not include skins
  • Moderate fresh fruits without peels or seeds, certain canned or well-cooked fruits
  • Tender, ground, and well cooked meat, fish, eggs, and poultry
  • Milk and yogurt (usually limited to 2 cups per day), mild cheese, ricotta, cottage cheese
  • Butter, mayonnaise, vegetable oils, margarine, plain gravies and dressings
  • Broth and strained soups from allowed foods
  • Pulp free, strained, or clear juices

Foods to avoid

  • Whole grain breads and pastas, corn bread or muffins, products made with whole grain products, or bran
  • Strong cheeses, yogurt containing fruit skins or seeds
  • Raw vegetables, except lettuce and other leaves
  • Tough meat, meat with gristle
  • Crunchy peanut butter
  • Millet, buckwheat, flax, oatmeal
  • Dried beans, peas, and legumes
  • Dried fruits, berries, other fruits with skin or seeds
  • Chocolate with Cocoa Powder (white chocolate has no fiber)
  • Food containing whole coconut
  • Juices with pulp
  • Highly spiced food and dressings, pepper, hot sauces
  • Caffeine
  • Popcorn
  • Nuts and seeds